(b Camerano, May 18, 1625; d Rome, Dec 15, 1713).
Italian painter, draughtsman and printmaker. He was the last major Italian artist of the classical tradition that had originated with Raphael, and his pre-eminence among the artists of his time marks the triumph of classicism. Nonetheless his art unites the virtues of disegno and colore, and he created a grandiose and decorative style that satisfied the demands of the Church. At the same time his late works had a grace and refinement that anticipated the development of the Rococo and Neo-classicism.
Carlo Maratti was the son of the Dalmatian Tommaso Maratti and Faustina Masini, and his half-brother Bernabeo Francioni was also a painter. His first biographer, Bellori, described how as a boy Maratti made copies of the coloured engravings of saints that were sold in Camerano, and how Bernabeo showed some of these copies to Andrea Camassei, who advised that Maratti should be brought to Rome. He moved to Rome in ...