(b Litomyšl, March 21, 1832; d Prague, Oct 8, 1899).
Czech painter, draughtsman and printmaker. He studied at the Prague Academy of Fine Arts under Max Haushofer between 1852 and 1858, and subsequently privately at Munich under Leopold Rottmann (1812–81) and Eduard Schleich. From 1858 to 1887 he lived mainly in Vienna, where his work increasingly epitomized late-Romantic taste. The principal Czech landscape painter of his generation, he specialized in forest scenes, often choosing low viewpoints and confined compositions which show the forest at its most untouched and impenetrable. In addition to paintings he was also known for engravings and large charcoal drawings (e.g. Oak; Prague, N.G.; part of the series Austrian Forest Scenes, 1878). Mařák also produced decorative works, including views of Czech and Austrian towns, originally in Franz Josef Bahnhof, Vienna (studies; Plzeň, A.G. W. Bohemia), and depictions of places important in Czech mythology and history at the National Theatre and National Museum in Prague (e.g. ...