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(b Guler, c. 1700; d c. 1760).
  • B. N. Goswamy


(b Guler, c. 1700; dc. 1760).

Indian painter, elder son of the painter Pandit Seu and brother of Nainsukh. Manaku figures in the controversial colophon of a famous Gīta Govinda series of 1730. Although no place name is given in the colophon, it is more than likely that Manaku continued to work near his father in the small but lively principality of Guler. In 1736 he appears to have gone on a pilgrimage to Hardwar, where he made an entry in the priest’s register in his own hand, using the Takri hill-script. Two portraits of Manaku have survived (Chandigarh, Govt Mus. & A.G.; New Delhi, N. Mus.). The earlier shows him as a mature man of about 40, wirily built, with an erect stance and a thin, remarkably sensitive face. The appearance is noble and notably self-assured. On his forehead Manaku wears the prominent caste-mark of a devout person, a double crescent line with a dot below it. The second portrait shows Manaku decidedly heavier and older, aged somewhere between 55 and 60. In this portrait he again appears simply but elegantly dressed; a prominent jewelled bracelet on his right wrist is perhaps a token of royal favour brought in carefully by the painter. Nothing more is known of Manaku’s movements, and there are no dated works bearing his name after ...

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