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date: 13 November 2019

Maidum [Arab. Maydūm]locked

  • R. J. Leprohon


[Arab. Maydūm]

Site of the first true pyramid in ancient Egypt. Maidum was first excavated by Flinders Petrie in 1891; it lies on the west bank of the Nile, 75 km south of Cairo. The pyramid was probably started by King Huni (regc. 2600–c. 2575 bc) and completed by his successor, Sneferu (regc. 2575–c. 2551 bc). It was originally conceived as a many-tiered structure, much like the earlier Step Pyramid of Djoser (regc. 2630–c.2611 bc) at Saqqara. The design was subsequently changed to that of a true pyramid when the steps were filled in and the sides were evenly cased with limestone. Although portions of these angled sides still remain around the base of the pyramid, all that can be seen on the site today are some of the original steps, making the whole appear as a tower set on a hill formed of the fallen stone debris covered in sand....

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W. Helck, E. Otto and W. Westendorff, eds: Lexikon der Ägyptologie (Wiesbaden, 1975–)