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Lloyd, Seton (Howard Frederick)locked

(b Edgbaston, Birmingham, May 30, 1902; d Oxford, Jan 7, 1996).
  • Dominique Collon

English excavator, architect, writer and teacher. He qualified as an architect (RIBA) 1926, working for two years for Sir Edwin Lutyens before setting up his own practice. His employment as architect during the 1929 excavations at Tell el-Amarna led to a change in career, and until 1937 he worked for the Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago excavations in the Diyala region of Iraq, north-east of Baghdad, at Khorsabad in northern Iraq and on the aqueduct built by the Assyrian king Sennacherib (reg 704–681 bc) at Jerwan; Lloyd helped perfect techniques for tracing mud-brick architecture and made innovative use of kite photography. Between 1937 and 1939 he excavated with Sir John Garstang at Mersin in southern Turkey and carried out a key survey of sites in the Sinjar district of northern Iraq. Between 1939 and 1948, while working as Adviser to the Directorate General of Antiquities in Baghdad, he excavated Hassuna, Tell Uqair, Tell Harmal and Eridu. In 1949 Lloyd became the first Director of the British Institute of Archaeology in Ankara. He established archaeological sequences for the centre (Polatli) and west (Beycesultan) of the Anatolian plateau and worked at Harran, Sultantepe and Alanya in the south.

In 1962 Lloyd succeeded Max Mallowan as professor at the Institute of Archaeology of the University of London (Emeritus 1969) and, in 1965, directed excavations at Kayalidere in Urartu (eastern Turkey). All his excavations were carefully selected to answer specific problems, and their prompt and meticulous publication, illustrated by his beautiful plans and drawings and those of his wife Hydie—an artist and sculptor—ensured that the results were swiftly available. Lloyd was also a successful popularizer, writing many books and articles.


  • Twin Rivers: A Brief History of Iraq from the Earliest Times to the Present Day (Oxford and Bombay, 1943; 2/1943; 3/1961; Rus. trans., 1974)
  • Foundations in the Dust: A Story of Mesopotamian Exploration (Oxford, 1947; 2/1949; Harmondsworth, 1955; rev. and enlarged, London, 1980)
  • The Art of the Ancient Near East (London, 1961; later edns trans. into Ger., Dut., Sp., It. and Rus.)
  • Mounds of the Near East (Edinburgh, 1963)
  • The Archaeology of Mesopotamia (London, 1978)
  • Iraq, 44 (1982), pp. 221–4 [complete bibliog. to date]
  • The Interval: A Life in Near Eastern Archaeology (Faringdon, 1986) [autobiography, with updated bibliog., p. 179]
  • Ancient Turkey: A Traveller’s History of Anatolia (London, 1989, 2/1992)

    For further bibliography see excavation reports under individual entries for sites mentioned in above text.