(b Hamburg, Oct 7, 1903; d Munich, April 4, 1975).
German photographer and collector. He was a self-taught photographer but was given some support by his friend Andreas Feininger. For a long time he worked at various jobs and for the family coffee importing business. He fled from Germany in 1936 and went first to London and then to Paris, where he became a professional photographer and enjoyed a great success with publications in Vogue, Life Magazine, Harper’s Bazaar, Arts et Métiers graphiques and The Studio.
At this time List’s work was already characterized as mysterious, magical and surreal. In 1937 a photograph of the Lykabettos (see Metken, no. 22), one of his most characteristic and best-known works, appeared in the Arts et Métiers graphiques yearbook; it depicted a woman draped in white, holding a mirror in front of her head in which she reflects her own outstretched hand. List saw photography as one of the fine arts and referred to the influence of artistic circles on his work. As a result his photographs are close both to Pittura Metafisica (e.g. ...