Show Summary Details

Page of

Printed from Grove Art Online. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a single article for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy).

date: 26 January 2020

Klimt, Gustav locked

(b Baumgarten, nr Vienna, July 14, 1862; d Vienna, Feb 6, 1918).
  • Peter Vergo


(b Baumgarten, nr Vienna, July 14, 1862; d Vienna, Feb 6, 1918).

Austrian painter and draughtsman. A leading exponent of Art Nouveau, Klimt is considered one of the greatest decorative painters of the 20th century. His depictions of the femme fatale and his drawings treating the theme of female sexuality have assured him a place in the history of erotic art. He is remembered for his role in the formation of the Vienna Secession, the radical group of Austrian artists of which he became the first president in 1897 (see Secession, §3), and also for the frequent scandals and protests that marked his later career. These contrast strikingly with the public and official approval that marked him out as a young artist of promise, even before he graduated from the Vienna Kunstgewerbeschule in 1883.

Klimt was the eldest son of a Viennese engraver and entered the Kunstgewerbeschule, Vienna, in 1876. He studied under the Austrian painters Ferdinand Laufberger (1829–81...

You do not currently have access to this article


Please login to access the full content.


Please subscribe to access the full content.