Site of a large town in Sudan, on the east bank of the Nile in the fertile Dongola Reach, 5 km south of New Dongola. The earliest known monuments were set up by Tutankhamun (regc. 1332–c. 1323 bc), although the town may have been founded in the reign of Amenophis III (regc. 1390–c. 1353 bc) or Akhenaten (regc. 1353–c. 1336 bc). Only the main temples have so far been excavated. A small temple (designated ‘A’) was built by Tutankhamun; it associates the King with the god Amun as ‘lion over the south country’, in the form of a ram-headed sphinx.
The main temple (‘T’) was dedicated to the Gem-Aten aspect of Amun; it dates to the reign of the Kushite pharaoh Taharqa (reg 690–664 bc), but it may have been built on the site of an earlier, 18th Dynasty temple. ...