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date: 17 August 2019


  • David M. Jones


Site of Pre-Columbian Maya city within the limits of modern Guatemala City. It was a centre of religious, civic, and political power in the Middle to Late Pre-Classic (c. 1000 250) and Classic ( 250–c. 900) periods and is the largest known Highland Maya city. Occupation dates from the Middle Pre-Classic period (from c. 800 bc) to 1520. Alfred Maudslay surveyed the site around 1900, and excavations have been conducted by the Carnegie Institution of Washington, DC (1930s), directed by A. V. Kidder, J. D. Jennings, and E. M. Shook, and by Pennsylvania State University (1968), directed by W. T. Sanders and J. W. Michels. C. D. Cheek studied the architecture in the 1970s. Pottery and stone sculptures from the site are in the Museo Nacional de Arqueología y Etnología, Guatemala City.

In the Early Pre-Classic period (...

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