- Stanford Anderson
(b Ösel Island, Russia [now Saaremaa Island, Estonia], Feb 20, 1901; d New York, March 17, 1974).
American architect and teacher of Russian birth. He moved with his family to Philadelphia in 1905. Although they lived in poverty he received a good education at Central High School and the Public Industrial Art School. An obligatory course on architecture deflected Kahn from a career in art; from 1920 to 1924 he studied architecture at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, under Paul Cret, following Beaux-Arts principles. He then worked until 1926 for the City Architect’s office, acting as chief of design for the Sesquicentennial Exposition, Philadelphia (1926). In 1928–9 he travelled in Europe; although he was attentive to recognized historical works, there is little evidence of any concern with major innovations in modern architecture in those years. Returning to Philadelphia, he worked in Cret’s office (1929–30).
In the midst of the Depression, Kahn founded and directed the Architectural Research Group for unemployed architects and engineers (...