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<p>&#160;Printed from Grove Art Online. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a single article for personal use&#160;(for details see Privacy Policy).</p><p>date: 16 July 2019</p>

Jewish artlocked

  • Carol Herselle Krinsky,
  • David J. Goldberg,
  • Joseph Gutmann,
  • Bezalel Narkiss,
  • Shalom Sabar,
  • A. R. Millard,
  • Rina Talgam,
  • Zeev Weiss,
  • David Cassuto,
  • Pau Figueras,
  • Edward van Voolen,
  • Katrin Kogman-Appel,
  • Gabrielle Sed-Rajna,
  • Thérèse Metzger,
  • Gertrud Seidmann
  •  and Monica Bohm-Duchen

Extract

Art created by artists or craftsmen whose religion or culture was Jewish, or made for purposes restricted or peculiar to a Jewish population or setting. The existence of an original and distinctively Jewish style of art, particularly in antiquity or the Middle Ages, is not accepted by all scholars, however, some of whom suggest that Jews simply adapted the art and architecture of their surroundings.

Judaism is the religion and, in a broader sense, the culture of a people that has been variously known as the Hebrews, Israelites, and Jews over the course of nearly 4000 years. ‘Hebrews’ refers primarily to the earliest ancestors of Judaism, the Semitic people of the patriarchal era of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob; Jacob was also called Israel, and ‘Children of Israel’ or ‘Israelites’ refers to his progeny and their families, who were grouped in 12 tribes. The kingdom that was thus formed on the eastern seaboard of the Mediterranean and was ruled successively by Saul, David, and Solomon, was also called Israel: it retained this name after Solomon’s death, and the secession of the tribes of Judah and Benjamin. Judah, the tribe that claimed descent from Jacob’s fourth son, gave its name to the breakaway kingdom whose capital was Jerusalem, and later, under Persian, Greek, and Roman rule, to the province of Judea. ‘Jews’ is derived from ‘Judeans’ and denotes their descendants as well as those who over the centuries have joined them as converts....

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