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date: 18 October 2019

Jettmar, Rudolflocked

(b Zawodzie, nr Tarnów, Poland, Sept 10, 1869; d Vienna, April 21, 1939).
  • Hans H. Hofstätter

Extract

(b Zawodzie, nr Tarnów, Poland, Sept 10, 1869; d Vienna, April 21, 1939).

Austrian painter. He first studied music in Vienna, but in 1885 he joined the general painting course at the Akademie der Bildenden Künste in Vienna under the German painters Franz Rumpler (1848–1922) and August Eisenmenger (1830–1907). In 1892–3 he took a short course at the Badische Kunstakademie at Karlsruhe, earning his living as a scenery painter in Leipzig and Dresden in 1894–5. In 1895 he won the Prix de Rome and a six months’ study period in Italy, and from 1897 to 1898 he resumed his studies at the Meisterschule für Graphische Künste in Vienna under William Unger (1837–1932), becoming a member of the Vienna Secession in 1898. In 1910 he was appointed a professor at the Akademie der Bildenden Künste in Vienna, and in 1925 he took over the general painting course.

Jettmar was an important exponent of European Symbolism. His work, related to that of Arnold Böcklin, Ferdinand Hodler and Max Klinger, drew its motifs primarily from his rich imagination. The main theme of his paintings is the human figure, unclothed or in timeless dress, before a heroic landscape or against deserted townscapes with architecture reminiscent of Italy’s. Apart from individual works he produced cycles and portfolios, including ...

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