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Map of Japan; all the sites have separate entries in this dictionary....

Map of Japan; all the sites have separate entries in this dictionary

Chronological table of Japanese history....

Chronological table of Japanese history

Prehistoric tomb with pit-style stone chamber, c. 5th century AD, cross-section: (a) mokka....

Prehistoric tomb with pit-style stone chamber, c. 5th century ad, cross-section: (a) mokkan (wooden coffin); (b) nendokaku (clay layer surrounding coffin)

Prehistoric tomb with corridor-style stone chamber, c. 5th century AD, cross-section: (a) ....

Prehistoric tomb with corridor-style stone chamber, c. 5th century ad, cross-section: (a) sendō (passageway); (b) zenshitsu (antechamber); (c) genshitsu (main burial chamber); (d) senmon (entrance); (e) sode (doorframe stones); (f) lintel stone; (g) genmon (main chamber entrance)

Plan of zenpōkōen (keyhole tomb) of Emperor Nintoku, Bakai, Osaka Prefecture, early 5th ce....

Plan of zenpōkōen (keyhole tomb) of Emperor Nintoku, Bakai, Osaka Prefecture, early 5th century ad: (a) zenpōbu (square front); (b) kōenbu (circular back); (c) shugō (moat); (d) baichō (satellite mound)

Ise Shrine

Ise Shrine, Inner Shrine or Naikū; 7th-century form, reconstructed every 20 years; photo credit: Scala/Art Resource, NY

Kasuga Shrine

Kasuga Shrine, near Nara, in Kasuga zukuri (‘Kasuga construction’); present buildings date from 1863; photo credit: Werner Forman/Art Resource, NY

Shimokamo Shrine, Kyoto, honden (main sanctuary) in nagare zukuri (‘flowing construction’)....

Shimokamo Shrine, Kyoto, honden (main sanctuary) in nagare zukuri (‘flowing construction’); this mode of construction dates from the Nara (ad 710–94) or Heian period (794–1185); present building dates from 1864

Toshogu Shrine

Tōshōgū Shrine, Nikkō, showing Gongen zukuri (‘Gongen construction’), 1636; photo credit: Werner Forman/Art Resource, NY

Buddhist temple plans, Nara Prefecture, 7th–8th centuries AD: (i) linear (e.g. Shitennōji)....

Buddhist temple plans, Nara Prefecture, 7th–8th centuries ad: (i) linear (e.g. Shitennōji); (ii) cruciform (e.g. Asukadera); (iii) asymmetrical (e.g. Hōryūji, Saiin West Precinct): (a) nanmon (south gate); (b) chūmon (middle gate); (c) tō (pagoda); (d) kondō (main image hall); (e) kōdō (lecture hall); (f) kairō (cloister); (g) shōrō (belfry); (h) kyōzō (sūtra repository); (i) sōbō (dormitories)

Shinden mansion of the Heian period (AD 794–1185), reconstruction drawing: (a) shinden (‘s....

Shinden mansion of the Heian period (ad 794–1185), reconstruction drawing: (a) shinden (‘sleeping hall’); (b) tainoya (‘opposed buildings’); (c) watadono (‘walled roofed corridor’); (d) sukiwatadono (‘open-sided roofed corridor’); (e) koshinden (‘lesser shinden’); (f) chūmon rō (‘projecting corridor bisected by a gate’); (g) chūmon (‘middle gate’); (h) tsuridono (‘fishing pavilion’)

Nijo Castle

East Main Gate, Nijō Castle, Kyoto, 1626; photo credit: Werner Forman/Art Resource, NY

Interior of the formal tea-house, Katsura Detached Palace

Interior of the formal tea-house, Katsura Detached Palace, Kyoto, c. 1616–63; photo credit: Werner Forman/Art Resource, NY

Himeji Castle, tenshu (‘keep’), 1601–9; longitudinal section....

Himeji Castle, tenshu (‘keep’), 1601–9; longitudinal section

Map showing ancient palaces and cities in south-central Honshu: (a) Fujiwara; (b) Naniwa; ....

Map showing ancient palaces and cities in south-central Honshu: (a) Fujiwara; (b) Naniwa; (c) Ōtsu; (d) Heijō; (e) Nagaoka; (f) Heian

City plans of three Japanese capitals established from the late 7th century AD to the 8th:....

City plans of three Japanese capitals established from the late 7th century ad to the 8th: (a) Fujiwara; (b) Heijō; (c) Heian

Castle town of Hikone, plan showing residential areas of various social groups....

Castle town of Hikone, plan showing residential areas of various social groups

Edo Castle in the late 17th century, plan showing system of moats: (a) Nihonbashi bridge....

Edo Castle in the late 17th century, plan showing system of moats: (a) Nihonbashi bridge

Prehistoric figurine, dogu

Prehistoric sculpture, figurine (dogū) of a human torso with the left arm across the breast, clay, Jōmon culture, c. 350–250 bc (private collection); photo credit: Werner Forman/Art Resource, NY

Prehistoric dogu of snow-goggle type

Prehistoric dogū of ‘snow-goggle’ types, earthenware, c. 1000–300 bc (Rome, Museo d’Arte Orientale); photo credit: Scala/Art Resource, NY

Protohistoric haniwa

Protohistoric haniwa figure, earthenware, h. 1.12 m, 3rd–4th centuries ad (Paris, Musée des Arts Asiatiques-Guimet); photo credit: Réunion des Musées Nationaux/Art Resource, NY

Protohistoric haniwa female figure, earthenware, h. 550 mm, from Musashi Province, Kofun p....

Protohistoric haniwa female figure, earthenware, h. 550 mm, from Musashi Province, Kofun period, 6th century ad (London, British Museum); photo © The British Museum

Triad of the Healing Buddha

Triad of the Healing Buddha, gilt-bronze, h. 2.55 m (Buddha), 3.09 m and 3.12 m (bodhisattvas), Nara period, ?c. ad 718 (Nara, Yakushiji); photo credit: Scala/Art Resource, NY

Wisdom King Fudo (Fudô Myô-ô)

Wisdom King Fudo (FudKanō MyKanō-Kanō), joined-woodblock construction with pigments, h. 63 3/4 in. (162 cm), Heian period, 12th century (New York, Metropolitan Museum of Art, The Harry G. C. Packard Collection of Asian Art, Gift of Harry G. C. Packard, and Purchase, Fletcher, Rogers, Harris Brisbane Dick, and Louis V. Bell Funds, Joseph Pulitzer Bequest, and The Annenberg Fund Inc. Gift, 1975, Accession ID:1975.268.163); photo © The Metropolitan Museum of Art http://www.metmuseum.org/Collections/search-the-collections/60012544

Amida

Amida, wood covered with gold leaf and lacquer, h. 2.84 m, Heian period, 1053 (Uji, Kyoto Prefecture, Byōdōin, Hōōdō); photo credit: Art Resource, NY

Table of pigments used in traditional Japanese painting....

Table of pigments used in traditional Japanese painting

Tomb painting, Ōtsuka Tomb, Fukuoka Prefecture, late 6th century AD; reconstruction cutawa....

Tomb painting, Ōtsuka Tomb, Fukuoka Prefecture, late 6th century ad; reconstruction cutaway drawing

Death of the Historical Buddha (Nehan-zu)

Death of the Historical Buddha (Nehan-zu), hanging scroll; ink, gold, and mineral pigments on silk, H. 79 in. (200.7 cm); W. 74 1/4 in. (188.6 cm), 14th century (New York, Metropolitan Museum of Art, Rogers Fund, 1912, Accession ID:12.134.10); photo © The Metropolitan Museum of Art http://www.metmuseum.org/Collections/search-the-collections/60012543

Nichizô's Journey to Hell, from Illustrated Legends of the Kitano Tenjin Shrine

NichizKanō’s Journey to Hell, from Illustrated Legends of the Kitano Tenjin Shrine, set of five handscrolls; ink and colour on paper, (a): 11 5/16 in. x 22 ft. 7 7/16 in. (28.8 x 689.4 cm) b): 11 5/16 in. x 28 ft. 3 3/4 in. (28.8 x 763 cm) c): 11 5/16 in. x 22 ft. 10 1/8 in. (28.8 x 696.3 cm) d): 11 5/16 in. x 18 ft. 8 15/16 in. (28.8 x 571.4 cm) e) 11 5/16 in. x 29 ft. 4 3/16 in., late 13th century (New York, Metropolitan Museum of Art, Fletcher Fund, 1925, Accession ID:25.224.a–e); photo © The Metropolitan Museum of Art

Miraculous Origins of Mt Shigi

Miraculous Origins of Mt Shigi, detail from scroll I, colours on paper, h. 317 mm, mid- to late 12th century (Paris, Musée des Arts Asiatique-Guimet); photo credit: Giraudon/Art Resource, NY

Landscape after the Eight Views

Unkoku Tôeki, 1591–1644: Landscape after the Eight Views, six-panel folding screen, ink, gold and white pigment on paper, 67 1/2 x 147 in. (171.5 x 373.4 cm), 17th century (New York, Metropolitan Museum of Art, Rogers Fund, 1917, Accession ID: 17.118.114); photo © The Metropolitan Museum of Art

White Herons

Maruyama Ōkyo: White Herons, hanging scroll, ink on paper, 355×566 mm, Edo period, 1769 (New York, Metropolitan Museum of Art, The Harry G. C. Packard Collection of Asian Art, Gift of Harry G. C. Packard, and Purchase, Fletcher, Rogers, Harris Brisbane Dick, and Louis V. Bell Funds, Joseph Pulitzer Bequest, and The Annenberg Fund Inc. Gift, 1975, Accession ID: 1975.268.71); image © The Metropolitan Museum of Art, photographed by Bob Hanson

Eight Views of Xiao and Xiang

Kangaku Shinsō (Sōami): Eight Views of Xiao and Xiang, six-panel folding screen; ink on paper, 17.34×37.08 m, Muromachi period, early 16th century (New York, Metropolitan Museum of Art, Gift of John D. Rockefeller Jr., 1941, Accession ID: 41.59.2); image © The Metropolitan Museum of Art

Eight-Planked Bridge (Yatsuhashi)

Ogata Kōrin: Eight-Planked Bridge (Yatsuhashi), one of a pair of six-panel folding screens, ink and colour on gilded paper, each screen: 1.79×3.715 m (New York, Metropolitan Museum of Art, purchase, Louisa Eldridge McBurney Gift, 1953 (53.7.1–2)); image © The Metropolitan Museum of Art

Autumn

Autumn, Rinpa school, six-panel folding screen, mineral colour, ink, and cut silver foil on paper, 48 x 10 ft. 3 in, early 18th century. (New York, Metropolitan Museum of Art, Rogers Fund, 1915, Accession ID: 15.127); photo © The Metropolitan Museum of Art

Southern Barbarians

Kanō school: Southern Barbarians, six-panel folding screen, colours on paper, 16th–17th centuries (Paris, Musée des Arts Asiatiques-Guimet); photo credit: Réunion des Musées Nationaux/Art Resource, NY

Peach Tree, Peonies and Cranes; Two Cranes and a Celestial Peach Tree

Shen Nanpin [Shen Quan]: Peach Tree, Peonies and Cranes; Two Cranes and a Celestial Peach Tree, hanging scroll, ink and colour on silk, 1988×1010 mm (overall with mounting: 2483×1222 mm), Qing dynasty, 18th century (New York, Metropolitan Museum of Art, The Harry G. C. Packard Collection of Asian Art, Gift of Harry G. C. Packard, and Purchase, Fletcher, Rogers, Harris Brisbane Dick, and Louis V. Bell Funds, Joseph Pulitzer Bequest, and The Annenberg Fund Inc. Gift, 1975, Accession ID: 1975.268.81); image © The Metropolitan Museum of Art, photographed by Bob Hanson

Peafowl with Peonies; Peacocks with Peonies

Tani Bunchō: Peafowl with Peonies; Peacocks with Peonies, ink and colour on silk, 1530×883 mm, Edo period, 1820 (New York, Metropolitan Museum of Art, Charles Stewart Smith Collection, Gift of Mrs. Charles Stewart Smith, Charles Stewart Smith Jr., and Howard Caswell Smith, in memory of Charles Stewart Smith, 1914, Accession ID: 14.76.51); image © The Metropolitan Museum of Art

Mori Tetsuzan: Xiwangmu, hanging scroll, 1163×451 mm, 1804 (London, British Museum); photo....

Mori Tetsuzan: Xiwangmu, hanging scroll, 1163×451 mm, 1804 (London, British Museum); photo © The British Museum

The Poet Li Bo's Visit to Mount Emei

Shiokawa Bunrin, 1808–1877: The Poet Li Bo’s Visit to Mount Emei, six-panel folding screen, ink and gold on paper, Each 4 ft. 11 5/8 in. x 11 ft. 6 5/8 in. (1.5 x 3.5 m), 1875 (New York, Metropolitan Museum of Art, Purchase, Friends of Asian Art Gifts, 1998, Accession ID: 1998.189.1); photo © The Metropolitan Museum of Art

Landscape

Hashimoto Gahō: Landscape, album leaf, ink and colour on silk, 356×254 mm, Meiji period, 19th–early 20th century (New York, Metropolitan Museum of Art, Charles Stewart Smith Collection, Gift of Mrs. Charles Stewart Smith, Charles Stewart Smith Jr., and Howard Caswell Smith, in memory of Charles Stewart Smith, 1914, Accession ID: 14.76.61.55); image © The Metropolitan Museum of Art

Zen priestly calligraphy

Zen priestly calligraphy (bokuseki), ink on paper (New York, private collection); photo credit: Werner Forman/Art Resource, NY

Jomon ceramic vessel

Jōmon ceramic vessel with string decoration, low-fired clay (Paris, Musée des Arts Asiatiques-Guimet); photo credit: Réunion des Musées Nationaux/Art Resource, NY

Types of kiln: (top left) tunnel kiln (anagama): (a) intake port; (b) fire-box; (c) suppor....

Types of kiln: (top left) tunnel kiln (anagama): (a) intake port; (b) fire-box; (c) support pillar; (d) ware chamber; (e) flue; (top right) cylindrical kiln; (centre) single-vaulted, multi-chambered climbing kiln (waridake noborigama): (f) fire-mouth; (g) fire-box; (h) chambers; (i) stoking port; (j) access door; (bottom) multi-vaulted, multi-chambered climbing kiln (noborigama): (k) fire-mouth; (l) fire-box; (m) stoking port; (n) stacking area; (o) flue; (p) access door

Kiln marks (kokumon), jū (‘ten’) and dai (‘great’), on a jar from Susugama, Ishikawa Prefe....

Kiln marks (kokumon), (‘ten’) and dai (‘great’), on a jar from Susugama, Ishikawa Prefecture

Jōmon ceramic vessel, low-fired earthenware, h. 150 mm (approx.), Early Jōmon period, c. 1....

Jōmon ceramic vessel, low-fired earthenware, h. 150 mm (approx.), Early Jōmon period, c. 10,000–c. 3,500 bc (London, British Museum); photo © The British Museum

Jomon Daigi type ceramic vessel

Jōmon Daigi-type ceramic vessel, low-fired earthenware (Rome, Museo d’Arte Orientale); photo credit: Scala/Art Resource, NY

Sue ware funerary jar, stoneware with ash glaze, h. 330 mm, Kofun period, 6th century AD (....

Sue ware funerary jar, stoneware with ash glaze, h. 330 mm, Kofun period, 6th century ad (London, British Museum); photo © The British Museum

Ash-glazed stoneware (shiki), ceremonial jar, h. 246 mm, from Sanage kiln complex, 9th–10t....

Ash-glazed stoneware (shiki), ceremonial jar, h. 246 mm, from Sanage kiln complex, 9th–10th centuries ad (London, British Museum); photo © The British Museum

Shigaraki ware teabowl

Shigaraki ware teabowl, stoneware with natural ash glaze, diam. 108 mm, 1590–1630 (London, Victoria and Albert Museum); photo credit: Victoria and Albert Museum, London/Art Resource, NY

Karatsu ware jar, stoneware with crackled white glaze, h. 150 mm, Edo period, 17th century....

Karatsu ware jar, stoneware with crackled white glaze, h. 150 mm, Edo period, 17th century (London, British Museum); photo © The British Museum

Storage jar

Storage jar, stoneware with natural ash glaze, Shigaraki ware, h. 18 3/8 in. (46.7 cm); W. 15 1/2 in. (39.4 cm), Muromachi period, 14th–15th century (New York, Metropolitan Museum of Art, The Harry G. C. Packard Collection of Asian Art, Gift of Harry G. C. Packard, and Purchase, Fletcher, Rogers, Harris Brisbane Dick, and Louis V. Bell Funds, Joseph Pulitzer Bequest, and The Annenberg Fund Inc. Gift, 1975, Accession ID:1975.268.428); photo © The Metropolitan Museum of Art http://www.metmuseum.org/Collections/search-the-collections/60012307

Porcelain Arita ware vase

Porcelain Arita ware vase, decorated in overglaze enamels in Kakiemon style, 17th century (London, Victoria and Albert Museum); photo credit: Victoria and Albert Museum, London/Art Resource, NY

Nabeshima ware dish with underglaze maple leaf decoration, diam. 205 mm, 18th–19th century....

Nabeshima ware dish with underglaze maple leaf decoration, diam. 205 mm, 18th–19th century (London, British Museum); photo © The British Museum

Arita ware V.O.C. (Vereenigde Oostindische Compagnie) dish, porcelain, diam. 343 mm, Edo p....

Arita ware V.O.C. (Vereenigde Oostindische Compagnie) dish, porcelain, diam. 343 mm, Edo period, 17th century (London, British Museum); photo © The British Museum

Map of ceramics production sites in Japan; those sites with separate entries in this dicti....

Map of ceramics production sites in Japan; those sites with separate entries in this dictionary are distinguished by Cross-reference type

Dragon Ascending Mount Fuji

Book illustrated by Katushika Hokusai: Dragon Ascending Mount Fuji, showing double-page woodblock-printed illustration with central nodo (‘well’) between facing pages, paper and black ink, c. 1835 (London, British Museum); photo credit: HIP/Art Resource, NY

Japanese book formats: (a) kansubon; (b) orihon; (c) fukuro-toji ....

Japanese book formats: (a) kansubon; (b) orihon; (c) fukuro-toji

The Making of Prints

Kitagawa Utamaro: The Making of Prints, colour woodblock print (Paris, Collection Henri Vever); photo credit: Giraudon/Art Resource, NY

Print Shop

Utagawa Kunisada I: Print Shop, triptych of full-colour woodblock prints, each 380×250 mm, 1858 (London, Victoria and Albert Museum); photo credit: Victoria and Albert Museum, London/Art Resource, NY

Actor in Character Writing and Holding Aloft a Large Bronze Vessel

Katsukawa Shunshō: Actor in Character, Writing and Holding Aloft a Large Bronze Vessel, polychrome print, 295×135 mm, c. 1780s (Newark, NJ, Newark Museum); photo credit: The Newark Museum/Art Resource, NY

Midnight: Mother and Sleepy Child

Kitagawa Utamaro; published by Sen’ichi (Izumiya Ichibei): Midnight: Mother and Sleepy Child, polychrome woodblock print, ink and colour on paper, 364×244 mm, Edo period, 1790 (New York, Metropolitan Museum of Art, Rogers Fund, 1922, Accession ID: JP1278); image © The Metropolitan Museum of Art

Utagawa Kuniyoshi: Princess Takiyasha Summons a Skeleton Spectre to Frighten Mitsukuni, tr....

Utagawa Kuniyoshi: Princess Takiyasha Summons a Skeleton Spectre to Frighten Mitsukuni, triptych of woodblock prints, each print 370×250 mm, c. 1844 (London, British Museum); photo © The British Museum

Yokohama Trade: Picture of Westerners Shipping Cargo

Utagawa Sadahide: Yokohama Trade: Picture of Westerners Shipping Cargo, ink and color on paper, 359×1265 mm, 1861 (New York, Metropolitan Museum of Art, Gift of Lincoln Kirstein, 1960, Accession ID: JP3389a–e); photo © The Metropolitan Museum of Art

Album of Thirty-Two Triptychs of Polychrome Woodblock Prints by Various Artists; Ichikawa Sadanji in "Keian Taiheiki"

Toyohara Kunichika, Chikashige and Toyohara Chikanobu: Album of Thirty-Two Triptychs of Polychrome Woodblock Prints by Various Artists; Ichikawa Sadanji in ‘Keian Taiheiki’, ink and color on paper, each 356×235 mm, Meiji period, 1883–86 (New York, Metropolitan Museum of Art, Gift of Eliot C. Nolen, 1999, Accession ID: 1999.457.2); image © The Metropolitan Museum of Art

Military Camp in the Snow at Yinkhou

Kiyochika Kobayahi: Military Camp in the Snow at Yinkhou, polychrome print, 373×721 mm, 1895 (Paris, Musée des Arts Asiatiques-Guimet); photo credit: Réunion des Musées Nationaux/Art Resource, NY

Moonlit Street Scene in Edo

Andō Hiroshige: Moonlit Street Scene in Edo, colour woodblock print, 1856 (London, Victoria and Albert Museum); photo credit: Victoria and Albert Museum, London/Art Resource, NY

Lacquered inrō

Lacquered inrō with shell by Zeshin, Meiji period, late 19th century (London, Victoria and Albert Museum); photo credit: Victoria and Albert Museum/Art Resource, NY

Painted screen panel of dyers

Kanō Yoshinobu: painted screen panel of dyers from Shokunin zukushie (‘Depictions of trades’) showing: (centre) man dressed in a small-patterned robe stencilling gold leaf over a stretched robe (kosode); (left) seated man checking quality of dyed cloth; (right) woman kneeling at an indigo vat immersing a portion of cloth in indigo dye (tsumamizome dyeing technique); (foreground) children stretching dyed cloth out to dry (other dyed bolts are laid out on latticework above shop, and finished fabrics lie ready for sale on racks); (back, left) piece of bound-resist and gold-leaf stencilled cloth hanging from the eaves of the shop; 577×421 mm, early 17th century; Important Cultural Property (Saitama, Kita-In Temple); photo credit: Werner Forman/Art Resource, NY

Noh robe (Nuihaku)

robe (nuihaku), silk embroidery and gold leaf on satin, h. 61 1/4 in. (155.6 cm); w. at sleeves 56 in. (142.2 cm), second half of the 18th century (New York, Metropolitan Museum of Art, Gift of Mr. and Mrs. Paul T. Nomura, in memory of Mr. and Mrs. S. Morris Nomura, 1989, Accession ID:1989.367); photo © The Metropolitan Museum of Art http://www.metmuseum.org/Collections/search-the-collections/60012265

Inside a Kabuki Theatre

Utagawa Toyokuni: Inside a Kabuki Theatre, woodblock triptych, each section 385×260 mm, c. 1800 (Paris, Musée des Arts Asiatiques-Guimet); photo credit: Réunion des Musées Nationaux/Art Resource, NY

Tea-room plans: (top left) Yūin (four-and-a-half mats; Kyoto, Urasenke); (top right) Taian....

Tea-room plans: (top left) Yūin (four-and-a-half mats; Kyoto, Urasenke); (top right) Taian (two mats; Ōyamazaki, Kyoto Prefecture, Myokian); (bottom left) Teigyokuken (two mats and a daime; Kyoto, Daitokuji, Shinjuan); (bottom right) Joan (two-and-a-half mats and a daime, with a triangular board floor; Inuyama, Aichi Prefecture): (a) guests’ entrance; (b) host’s entrance; (c) serving entrance; (d) tokonoma; (e) dōko; (f) hearth; (g) hanging shelf

Tea house

Tea house in the grounds of the Gosho Imperial Palace, Kyoto; photo credit: Werner Forman/Art Resource, NY

Shigaraki ware tea storage jar, h. 330 mm, 16th century (London, British Museum); photo © ....

Shigaraki ware tea storage jar, h. 330 mm, 16th century (London, British Museum); photo © The British Museum

Tea ceremony showing utensils

Tea ceremony showing utensils, photograph by Felice Beato, 212×275 mm, c. 1867–90 (Archives Larousse); photo credit: Giraudon/Art Resource, NY

Armor (Yoroi)

Armour (yoroi), lacquered iron and leather, silk, stencilled leather, gilt copper, H. (as mounted) 37 1/2 in. (95.25 cm) W. 22 in. (55.88 cm), late Kamakura period, early 14th century (New York, Metropolitan Museum of Art, Gift of Bashford Dean, 1914, Accession ID:14.100.121 b-e); photo © The Metropolitan Museum of Art

Jinbaori (jacket worn over armor)

Jinbaori (surcoat worn over armour), front, silk, felt, metallic thread and lacquered wood, 973×633 mm, late 17th century (New York, Metropolitan Museum of Art, Purchase, Charles and Ellen Baber Gift, 2006, Accession ID: 2006.95); image © The Metropolitan Museum of Art

Mask

Myochin Muneakira, Japanese, 1673–1745: Mask, lacquered iron, L. 9 1/2 in. (24.13 cm) W. 7 in. (17.78 cm), dated 1745 (New York, Metropolitan Museum of Art, Rogers Fund, 1919, Accession ID:19.115.2); photo © The Metropolitan Museum of Art http://www.metmuseum.org/Collections/search-the-collections/40000944

Japanese suit of armour, 18th century (Berlin, Ethnologisches Museum); Photo credit: Bilda....

Japanese suit of armour, 18th century (Berlin, Ethnologisches Museum); photo credit: Bildarchiv Preussischer Kulturbesitz/Art Resource, NY

Kosode

Kosode, embroidery and gold leaf on plain-weave silk patterned with warp floats, H. 56 5/16 in. (143 cm); W. 46 1/4 in. (117.5 cm), early 17th century (New York, Metropolitan Museum of Art, Gift of Mr. and Mrs. Paul T. Nomura, in memory of Mr. and Mrs. S. Morris Nomura, 1992, Accession ID: 1992.253); photo © The Metropolitan Museum of Art http://www.metmuseum.org/Collections/search-the-collections/60021432

Fireman's Helmet (Kajikabuto) for a Daimyo

Fireman’s Helmet (kajikabuto) for a Daimyo, gilt copper, leather, felt, silk and lacquer, Edo period, 1010×620×520 mm, 18th century (New York, Metropolitan Museum of Art, Purchase, Kenneth and Vivian Lam Gift, 2005, Accession ID: 2005.429); image © The Metropolitan Museum of Art

Gigaku mask

Gigaku mask, polychrome wood, h. 302 mm, 7th century ad (Paris, Musée des Arts Asiatiques-Guimet); photo credit: Réunion des Musées Nationaux/Art Resource, NY

No masks

masks (Kyoto, Kongo Theatre); photo credit: Werner Forman/Art Resource, NY

Koto Players

Japanese musical instrument, the koto, depicted in Koto Players by Chōbunsai Eishi (1756–1829), colour woodblock print (Paris, Musée des Arts Asiatiques-Guimet); photo credit: Réunion des Musées Nationaux/Art Resource, NY

Sumi togidashi makie inrō, signed Kanshōsai, lacquer on wood with gold, l. 77 mm, 18th cen....

Sumi togidashi makie inrō, signed Kanshōsai, lacquer on wood with gold, l. 77 mm, 18th century (London, British Museum); photo © The British Museum

Netsuke of a wild boar

Netsuke of a wild boar sleeping by Kaigyokusai Masatsugu (1813–92), ivory with coral details (London, Victoria and Albert Museum); photo credit: Victoria and Albert Museum, London/Art Resource, NY

Highly prepared paper used in a fragment from the Ise Shu (anthology of poems by Lady Ise)....

Highly prepared paper used in a fragment from the Ise Shu (anthology of poems by Lady Ise), 210×158 mm, early 12th century (Osaragi Jiro Collection); photo credit: Werner Forman/Art Resource, NY

Puppet head representing an old woman

Puppet head (kashira) representing an old woman (Roba), bunraku type, showing the neck pivot and shaft mechanism, wood, Edo period, 1600–1868 (Osaka, Osakajo Tenshukaku); photo credit: Werner Forman/Art Resource, NY

Ikenaga Dōun: seal reading Ike Dōunin, from the Ittō banshō (‘One blade, a myriad images’)....

Ikenaga Dōun: seal reading Ike Dōunin, from the Ittō banshō (‘One blade, a myriad images’), c. 1700 (Suita, N. Mizuta Shūhōshitsu private collection)

Itsuzan: seal reading Shūrai, from the seal album Shūrai inpu, c. mid-18th century (Suita,....

Itsuzan: seal reading Shūrai, from the seal album Shūrai inpu, c. mid-18th century (Suita, N. Mizuta Shūhōshitsu private collection)

Kō Fuyō: seal reading Chochihaku, from the Bunbō shiyū inki, c. mid-18th century (Suita, N....

Kō Fuyō: seal reading Chochihaku, from the Bunbō shiyū inki, c. mid-18th century (Suita, N. Mizuta Shūhōshitsu private collection)

Daibutsu

Great Buddha (Daibutsu), gilt-bronze, h. 14.9 m, ad 745–52, Tōdaiji, Nara; photo credit: Werner Forman/Art Resource, NY

Bust of warrior

Bust of warrior (haniwa), earthenware with painted, incised and applied decoration, h. 13 1/8 in. (33.3 cm); w. 10 7/8 in. (27.6 cm), Kofun period, 5th–6th century AD (New York, Metropolitan Museum of Art, The Harry G. C. Packard Collection of Asian Art, Gift of Harry G. C. Packard, and Purchase, Fletcher, Rogers, Harris Brisbane Dick, and Louis V. Bell Funds, Joseph Pulitzer Bequest, and The Annenberg Fund Inc. Gift, 1975, Accession ID:1975.268.414); photo © The Metropolitan Museum of Art http://www.metmuseum.org/Collections/search-the-collections/60012534

Tōyō Sesshū: Haboku-style landscape, hanging scroll, 635×317 mm, 15th century (London, Bri....

Tōyō Sesshū: Haboku-style landscape, hanging scroll, 635×317 mm, 15th century (London, British Museum); photo © The British Museum

Kakiemon ware lidded jar, porcelain decorated in overglaze enamels, h. 271 mm, c. 1680 (Lo....

Kakiemon ware lidded jar, porcelain decorated in overglaze enamels, h. 271 mm, c. 1680 (London, British Museum); photo © The British Museum

Pair of porcelain Arita ware dishes

Pair of porcelain Arita ware dishes, decorated in overglaze enamels in Kakiemon style, diam. 140 mm, late 17th century–early 18th century (Newark, NJ, Newark Museum); photo credit: Newark Museum/Art Resource, NY

Tōshūsai Sharaku: Actors Nakamura Wadaemon and Nakamura Konozō, woodblock print, 350×242 m....

Tōshūsai Sharaku: Actors Nakamura Wadaemon and Nakamura Konozō, woodblock print, 350×242 mm, 1794 (London, British Museum); photo © The British Museum

Katsushika Hokusai: Great Wave of Kanagawa, colour woodblock print, 259×372 mm, from Fugak....

Katsushika Hokusai: Great Wave of Kanagawa, colour woodblock print, 259×372 mm, from Fugaku sanjūrokkei (‘Thirty-six views of Mt Fuji’), c. 1829–33 (London, British Museum); photo © The British Museum

Utagawa Kunisada I: Andon from Hoshi no shimo tōsei fūzoku (‘Starry frost modern manners’)....

Utagawa Kunisada I: Andon from Hoshi no shimo tōsei fūzoku (‘Starry frost modern manners’), woodblock print, 380×251 mm, c. 1818–20 (London, British Museum); photo © The British Museum

Wine Ewer with Design of Chrysanthemums and Paulownia Crests in Alternating Fields

Kōdaiji makie wine ewer with design of chrysanthemums and paulownia crests in alternating fields, lacquered wood with gold, h. including handle 254 mm, c. 1596 (New York, Metropolitan Museum of Art, Purchase, Gift of Mrs. Russell Sage, by exchange, 1980, Accession ID: 1980.6); image © The Metropolitan Museum of Art

Jinbaori (surcoardworn over armor)

Jinbaori (surcoat worn over armour), view of back decorated with a paulownia mon crest, silk, felt, metallic thread and lacquered wood, 973×633 mm, late 17th century (New York, Metropolitan Museum of Art, Purchase, Charles and Ellen Baber Gift, 2006, Accession ID: 2006.95); image © The Metropolitan Museum of Art

Embroidered silk satin piece from a nō costume

Embroidered silk satin piece from a costume, decorated with pattern of egret, willow tree, reeds and flowing water, 990×330 mm, 2nd half of the 18th–19th centuries (New York, Metropolitan Museum of Art, Purchase, Roy R. and Marie S. Neuberger Foundation Inc. and several members of The Chairman’s Council Gifts, 2000 Benefit Fund, and funds from various donors, 2001, Accession ID: 2001.428.36); image © The Metropolitan Museum of Art

Netsuke in the form of a rabbit

Netsuke in the form of a rabbit, ivory, h. 25 mm, 19th century (New York, Metropolitan Museum of Art, Edward C. Moore Collection, Bequest of Edward C. Moore, 1891, Accession ID: 91.1.975); image © The Metropolitan Museum of Art

Ivory netsuke

Ivory netsuke, depicting an elephant and children, h. 41 mm, late 19th century (New York, Metropolitan Museum of Art, Gift of Mrs. Russell Sage, 1910, Accession ID: 10.211.900); image © The Metropolitan Museum of Art

Alexandros of Antioch on the Meander: Venus de Milo, marble, h. 2.04 m, Hellenistic period....

Alexandros of Antioch on the Maeander: Venus de Milo, marble, h. 2.04 m, Hellenistic period, c. 150–c. 120 bc (Paris, Musée du Louvre); Photo credit: Erich Lessing/Art Resource, NY

Leonard da Vinci: ‘Mona Lisa’, panel, 600×470 mm, c. 1500–7 (Paris, Musée du Louvre); Phot....

Leonardo da Vinci: ‘Mona Lisa’, panel, 600×470 mm, c. 1500–07 (Paris, Musée du Louvre); Photo credit: Réunion des Musées Nationaux/Art Resource, NY

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Kodansha Encyclopedia of Japan, 9 vols (Tokyo and New York, 1983), suppl. (Tokyo and New York, 1986)
L. Roberts: A Dictionary of Japanese Artists (New York, 1976)
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