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Ilkhanid familylocked

  • Robert Hillenbrand

Extract

Dynasty that ruled Iran, Iraq and Anatolia from 1256 to 1353. From 1219, Mongol hordes, commanded originally by Genghis Khan (reg 1206–27) and later by members of his family, repeatedly devastated the Iranian world. These campaigns culminated in the sack of Baghdad and the extinction of the Abbasid caliphate in 1258. In the new political order that arose, Iran became a province in a pan-Asiatic empire that at its height comprised much of the Eurasian land mass from Korea to Germany. The Great Khans, descended from Genghis’s youngest son Toluy, resided first at Karakorum in Mongolia, and later Beijing. They were supported by three collateral branches: the Golden Horde (reg 1226–1502), descended from Genghis’s first son Jochi, in southern Russia; the Chaghatayids (reg 1227–1370), descended from Genghis’s second son, in Central Asia; and the Ilkhanids (Īl-khān: ‘subordinate khan’), descended from Hulagu (Hülegü; reg 1256–65), brother of the Great Khans Qubilay (Kublai; ...

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Encyclopaedia of Islam (Leiden, 1954–)