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date: 12 November 2019

Idrisid [Arab. Idrīsī]locked

  • Marianne Barrucand

Extract

[Arab. Idrīsī]

Islamic dynasty that ruled in Morocco between ad 789 and 985. It was the first Islamic dynasty to establish an independent state in Morocco and played an important role in the Islamicization of the country. The founder, Idris I (reg 789–91), was a descendant of the Prophet Muhammad and was thus regarded by Shi‛ites as a rightful successor. Having taken part in a Shi‛ite revolt against the Abbasid caliph in 786, Idris fled from Arabia to north-east Morocco, settling in the region of Volubilis, near Meknès, where the local Berber population accepted him as the imam, the temporal and spiritual leader of the Islamic community. His son, Idris II (reg 791–828), moved the capital to Fez, a city founded by his father but subsequently neglected. During Idris II’s reign Fez became a flourishing trading, religious and intellectual centre, attracting settlers from the two great metropolises of the western Islamic world, Kairouan and Córdoba. Physical remains from the period are scarce. The Idrisids were responsible for the layout of the old centre of Fez and the division of the city into two distinct quarters (those of the Kairouanis and the Andalusians) separated by the River Fas. In the former was built what is now the ...

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Encyclopaedia of Islam (Leiden, 1954–)