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date: 21 October 2019

Hudson, Thomaslocked

(b Devonshire, ?1701; d Twickenham, Jan 26, 1779).
  • Ellen G. Miles


(b Devonshire, ?1701; d Twickenham, Jan 26, 1779).

English painter and collector. He was one of the foremost portrait painters in England in the mid-18th century. His work combines the high-keyed colours of the Rococo with poses derived from such artists as van Dyck, Kneller and his own teacher and father-in-law, Jonathan Richardson. He painted at least 400 portraits, about 80 of which were engraved. Among his many pupils were Joseph Wright of Derby, John Hamilton Mortimer and Joshua Reynolds. Hudson was a member of the group of artists including Hogarth, Allan Ramsay, Francis Hayman and the sculptor John Michael Rysbrack who met at Old Slaughter’s Coffee House in the mid-1740s and who promoted Thomas Coram’s Foundling Hospital, of which they were governors, as the first public exhibiting space for artists in London.

The earliest record of Hudson as a painter is in the accounts of the Courtenay family of Devon, where he is described in 1728 as ‘Mr. Hudson ye Limner’. Among his earliest recorded works were three portraits of the Courtenays (untraced) and a ...

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