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date: 21 November 2019

Hopewell Moundslocked

  • G. Lola Worthington

Extract

Archaeological region of the lower Mississippi and Ohio valleys in eastern North America exhibiting a sophisticated advanced mound-building culture. The Hopewell Mound Group is not named after a Native American tribe but after the family that owned the land where the earthworks are located in Ohio. This designation encompasses the style and similarities of cultural architecture, artefacts, and other archaeological practices located at the site. The name also divides the Hopewell culture from earlier and later cultural periods and groups located in the region.

Active between 200 bc and ad 500, during the Middle Woodland period, Hopewell represents an intermediary culture, appearing between the earlier Adena culture and the later Mississippian culture. All three cultures created gigantic configurations of earthen mounds built in geometric patterns and various shapes. The earliest archaeological evidence of the Hopewell culture is located in the state of Illinois, while southern Ohio and the northern Indiana Ohio River area contain the largest building of geometric earthworks. The Mound City Group in Chillicothe, OH, contains the largest grouping of burial mounds. First explored and analysed in ...

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