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date: 21 September 2019

Hohenzollern, House of familylocked

  • Helmut Börsch-Supan,
  • Jarl Kremeier
  •  and Rand Carter


German dynasty of rulers, patrons and collectors (see fig.). Members of the family ruled as electors of Brandenburg (1415–1806), kings of Prussia (1701–1918) and emperors of Germany (1871–1918). Minor branches of the dynasty ruled small territories in southern Germany and members of the Sigmarigen line became kings of Romania (see Carol I, King of Romania). In 1415 Frederick VI, Burgrave of Nuremberg, was invested as Frederick I, Elector of Brandenburg (reg 1415–40). Thereafter the House of Hohenzollern was largely responsible for guiding the difficult development of art and culture in that area, as neither the nobility nor the bourgeoisie proved desirous or capable of doing so until the late 18th century. The first member of the family to emerge clearly as a patron was (1) Albert of Brandenburg, who employed Albrecht Dürer, Matthias Grünewald and Lucas Cranach the elder. His patronage affected Brandenburg only indirectly, in that his nephew, ...

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Neue deutsche Biographie (Berlin, 1953–)