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date: 10 December 2019

Höch, Hannah (Johanne )locked

(b Gotha, Nov 1, 1889; d Berlin, May 31, 1978).
  • Ellen Maurer

Extract

(Johanne )

(b Gotha, Nov 1, 1889; d Berlin, May 31, 1978).

German painter and photomontagist. She moved to Berlin in 1912 to study at the Städtischen Kunstgewerbe- und Handwerksschule Charlottenburg. Her course was interrupted by the outbreak of World War I, and she then enrolled at the Lehranstalt des Kunstgewerbemuseums in Berlin, where she studied under Emil Orlik until 1920. She had a relationship with Raoul Hausmann from 1915 to 1922, and through him came into contact with the literary and artistic circle that formed the Club Dada (see Dada) in 1918. The collective activities of this avant-garde movement came to a climax between 1918 and 1922 in exhibitions, demonstrations and multimedia events. Photomontage (e.g. Mother, 1925–6) which was its own expressive art form, was created by Höch and Hausmann in 1918, partly as a response to the instability of the war years, and partly as an anti-academic alternative to German Expressionism.

Höch’s best-known photomontage, Cut with the Dada Kitchen Knife through the Last Era of the Weimar Beer-belly Culture...

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