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date: 14 December 2019

Hine, Lewis W(ickes) locked

(b Oshkosh, WI, Sept 26, 1874; d Hastings-on-Hudson, NY, Nov 4, 1940).
  • Kate Sampsell-Willmann


(b Oshkosh, WI, Sept 26, 1874; d Hastings-on-Hudson, NY, Nov 4, 1940).

American photographer. At the age of 15 Hine began working as a sweeper in a bank to support his mother and sister. He studied at night and eventually enrolled in the Oshkosh Normal School (now University of Wisconsin, Oshkosh) intending to become a teacher. He transferred to the University of Chicago (1900–01) where he studied sociology and pedagogy with John Dewey (1859–1952). Hine followed his mentor Frank Manny (1868–1954) to New York to teach at the Ethical Culture School (1901–8). There, Manny gave Hine a camera as a pedagogical tool. Hine experimented with Pictorial photography and introduced his student Paul Strand to this style of photography on a trip to Alfred Stieglitz’s gallery 291 in 1907. In 1904 Hine recognized the significance of the immigration event unfolding at Ellis Island. Arriving as a talented amateur, Hine mastered the camera and the use of magnesium flares to depict the new immigrants, aiming to represent their human dignity and social worth. In ...

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