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date: 18 September 2019

Heidelberg schoollocked

  • Jane Clark


Group of artists active in the late 19th century in Heidelberg, a suburb of Melbourne, who introduced plein-air Impressionism to Australia. The most important members were Tom Roberts, Frederick McCubbin, Arthur Streeton and Charles Conder.

Most of the group began their careers at the National Gallery of Victoria’s School of Art in Melbourne; several later studied overseas. Roberts, Streeton and Conder painted in each other’s company both at their various outer suburban plein air camps (Box Hill, mainly 1885–6; Mentone, Port Phillip Bay, 1887–8; for illustration see Conder, Charles; the ‘Eaglemont’ estate at Heidelberg 14 km from Melbourne, 1888–90; for illustration see Streeton, Sir Arthur; and in Sydney) and in Melbourne where they often shared or occupied adjoining studios. McCubbin often worked with them. When apart they corresponded regularly, recalling their artistic camaraderie with great nostalgia. Davies and many lesser-known figures, such as Jane Sutherland, Clara Southern, John Mather (...

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