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date: 12 December 2019

Hawarden, Clementina, Viscountess [née Elphinstone Fleeming]locked

(b Cumbernauld, nr Glasgow, June 1, 1822; d London, Jan 19, 1865).
  • Virginia Dodier


[née Elphinstone Fleeming]

(b Cumbernauld, nr Glasgow, June 1, 1822; d London, Jan 19, 1865).

Scottish photographer. She grew up in Scotland and England, but moved in 1857 with her husband Cornwallis Maude, 4th Viscount Hawarden, to his estate in Dundrum, Co. Tipperary, Ireland. She apparently took her first photographs, stereoscopic landscapes, in late 1857 or early 1858. In 1859 the Hawardens moved to London. In her drawing-room studio Lady Hawarden first made stereoscopic carte-de-visite-style portraits, but was soon using larger, single-image formats as well, and working in series. She posed her subjects in the windows and on the balcony of her home (see Ovenden, p. 45 and p. 80). From c. 1862 she concentrated on photographing her daughters in costume tableaux. She exhibited her work under the collective titles Studies from Life and Photographic Studies with the Photographic Society of London in 1863 and 1864, and was awarded the Society’s silver medal in both years. Viscountess Hawarden produced c. 850 photographs, all albumen prints from wet collodion negatives. A large proportion of these are in the ...

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