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date: 18 September 2019

Hawaii [Hawai’i]locked

  • Adrienne L. Kaeppler
  •  and G. Lola Worthington



Group of Polynesian islands and islets in the North Pacific Ocean c. 3500 km west of California. In 1959 it became a state of the USA. Of the eight large islands and c. 50 islets, only Kaua’i, Ni’ihau, O’ahu, Moloka’i, Lana’i, Maui, and Hawai’i are inhabited, although three others, Kaho’olawe, Necker, and Nihoa, were inhabited periodically in the past. Settlement of the Hawaiian islands began c. ad 600 with the arrival by great double canoes of central-east Polynesians. By c. ad 1300 contact between Hawai’i and its homelands appears to have ceased, and the islands were isolated from significant cultural contact until 1778, when Capt. James Cook came on them during his voyage between Tahiti and the north-west coast of America. The artistic, social, and cultural traditions described here have their roots in east Polynesia but have developed into a distinctive Hawaiian style. The Hawaiian language is closely related to south-east Marquesan and to Tahitian but is not mutually intelligible with either....

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