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date: 15 September 2019

Harappa [Harappā]locked

  • Gregory L. Possehl



Ancient city on the southern bank of the Ravi River, western Punjab, Pakistan, and the type site for the Indus civilization that flourished c. 2500–2000 bc (see also Mohenjo-daro). Harappa is the name of the modern village adjacent to the mounds and is not thought to be of ancient derivation, although the place-name Hariyupiya does occur in the Ṛg veda and has been associated with the site by some scholars (see Wheeler, pp. 78–82). The archaeological site was first recognized in 1826 by Charles Masson, an early traveller in the region. The city as a whole was robbed for bricks in the mid-19th century and is not well preserved. Alexander Cunningham, the first Director–General of the Archaeological Survey of India, excavated part of the site in 1871–2 and published the first of a series of important stamp seals associated with the Harappan civilization. The results of excavations undertaken in ...

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