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date: 23 September 2019


  • George Michell


Site of the ruined city of Vijayanagara in Bellary District, Karnataka, India. The city was founded in the 14th century at the sacred centre of Hampi. The modern village of the same name occupies part of the site.

Vijayanagara (‘City of victory’) emerged as the capital of an empire comprising much of peninsular India by the end of the 14th century, a position it maintained throughout the 15th and 16th centuries. While its rulers were Hindu, its society included an influential Muslim minority. Foreign travellers were welcomed; descriptions of the city’s grandeur survive in accounts of Persian, Portuguese and Italian visitors; Arab horse-traders also visited the city at this time. Celebrated kings include Deva Raya I (reg 1406–22) of the Sangama dynasty and Krishnadeva Raya (reg 1510–29) and Achyutadeva Raya (reg 1529–42) of the third or Tuluva dynasty. Vijayanagara’s rivals for supremacy in the Deccan were the Muslim kingdoms to the north. In ...

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