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Guild [Gild]locked

  • Richard Mackenney


Sworn association, typically of merchants, craftsmen, or tradesmen. Most guilds were associated with a particular town or city. They flourished in Europe in the medieval period and had considerable social, political, economic, and religious power. Additionally, craft guilds often monitored training, standards of production, and the welfare of their members. Significant patronage was provided by religious, social, and commercial confraternities. Information on the activity of specific guilds is given in this dictionary within the relevant articles on cities and on countries (in the latter, especially under ‘Painting and graphic arts’ or ‘Art education’)....

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