- Guilhem Scherf
(b Chaumont-en-Bassigny, Haute-Marne, July 22, 1723; d Carrara, May 31, 1788).
French sculptor. After his early training at Chaumont, where the dominant artistic personality and his first professor was the architect and sculptor Jean-Baptiste Bouchardon (1667–1742), he entered the Paris studio of Bouchardon’s son, Edme Bouchardon. In 1749 he won the Prix de Rome and entered the Ecole Royale des Elèves Protégés. While at the Ecole he exhibited several works at Versailles (e.g. Hercules Resting, terracotta, 1752; Parma, Mus. Lombardi) as well as a plaster model of Louis XV on Horseback (untraced), which found favour with Louis XV but caused a permanent breach between Guiard and Bouchardon, who was himself working on a commission from the City of Paris for an equestrian statue of the King. It was probably before his departure for Italy in 1755 that Guiard conceived the model for the Pendule de l’Etude (‘à la Geoffrin’; Langres, Mus. Du Breuil de St-Germain), which was commissioned by ...