(b Quito, 1919; d March 10, 1999).
Ecuadorean painter. He studied at the Escuela de Bellas Artes in Quito. He worked first in an Indigenist style: influenced by Mexican muralism, he painted village scenes, notably in the fresco The Incas and the Conquest (1948; Quito, Mus. A. Mod.) and in the series of 100 paintings Road of Sorrow (Quito, Mus. Fond. Guayasamín), exhibited for the first time in 1952. He adopted a more universal approach in Age of Anger (Quito, Mus. Fond. Guayasamín), first exhibited in 1966, in which he depicted the disasters of World War II in 220 paintings.
Guayasamín’s work is characterized by geometric composition, fine draughtsmanship, thick lines and vigorous brushwork; his central theme was the human condition afflicted by the evils of war and injustice. He also painted portraits, still-lifes, landscapes and nudes. Guayasamín exhibited internationally and was also patron of the Fundación Guayasamín in Quito.J. Camón Asnar: Guayasamín (Barcelona, 1973)...