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date: 30 May 2020

Granada [Arab. Gharnāṭa]locked

  • Antonio Fernández-Puertas,
  • Rafael López Guzmán
  •  and M. Leticia Sánchez Hernández


[Arab. Gharnāṭa]

Spanish city at the foot of the Sierra Nevada and at the confluence of the Darro and Genil rivers, with a population of more than a quarter of a million. Now the capital of Granada province, it was the capital of the Nasrid dynasty (reg 1230–1492), who built the Alhambra palaces there. Bronze, ceramics (see §II), inlay, wood, leather, and silk have all been produced in the city.

Antonio Fernández-Puertas

Remnants of fortifications on Albaycín Hill attest to Iberian, Roman, and early Christian settlements in the area. The city was conquered by Muslim troops c. 713 and a population of Christians, Muslims, and Jews lived there until the 11th century. Early remains include the enclosure walls and rectangular towers of the old citadel (Arab. al-qaṣaba al-qadīma) on Albaycín Hill, and parts of a stone bridge over the Genil. In the 11th century the Zirid family dynasty (...

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Encyclopaedia of Islam (Leiden, 1954–)