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date: 08 December 2019

Graham, Williamlocked

(b Glasgow, Aug 1817; d Oakdene, nr Guildford, Surrey, July 16, 1885).
  • Oliver Garnett

Extract

(b Glasgow, Aug 1817; d Oakdene, nr Guildford, Surrey, July 16, 1885).

Scottish merchant, politician, patron and collector. Suspicious of connoisseurship but open to the advice of Edward Burne-Jones, from the 1860s he assembled a large collection of early Italian paintings, often bought cheaply on his frequent trips to Italy. Among his more important pictures were Giotto’s Salvator Mundi from the Rimini Crucifix (Surrey, priv. col.), Carlo Crivelli’s Virgin and Child Enthroned (New York, Met.) and Pesellino’s Virgin and Child with St John (Toledo, OH, Mus. A.). He was fond of unusual mythological subjects (e.g. Piero di Cosimo’s Discovery of Vulcan; Hartford, CT, Wadsworth Atheneum) and late 15th- and early 16th-century Venetian works, particularly from the circle of Giovanni Bellini. He readily bought minor pieces that appealed to his deep religious faith (he was a Presbyterian), but showed no interest in collecting drawings and little in non-Italian Old Masters; Claude Lorrain’s Landscape with Parnassus (Boston, MA, Mus. F.A.) is a notable exception. A generous lender to the South Kensington Museum and the Royal Academy winter exhibitions, he was appointed a trustee of the National Gallery in ...

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