- Wanda Małaszewska
- and Zofia Nowak
Polish family of painters and illustrators.
(b Warsaw, Oct 9, 1846; d Bad Reichenvall, Bavaria, Sept 16, 1874).
In 1865 he studied in Warsaw for several months under Rafał Hadziewicz (1803–86) and Chrystian Breslauer (1805–82); he was also influenced by the work of Juliusz Kossak, with whom he was acquainted. His earliest landscape oils date from this period (e.g. Forest Landscape, 1866; Kraków, N. Mus.), as well as military scenes such as Artillery on the Gallop (1867; Warsaw, N. Mus.). Having won a state scholarship, he studied at the Akademie der Bildenden Künste in Munich from July 1867 until October 1868, and at the same time he worked for the battle painter Franz Adam (1815–86) in his private studio. He was interested in contemporary German art and, above all, in 17th-century Dutch and Flemish painting and contemporary French painting. Alongside Józef Brandt, he played a leading role in the community of Polish artists studying in Munich who were influenced in particular by the work of the Barbizon school. Gierymski soon won the recognition of Munich critics and picture-dealers, and in ...