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date: 14 November 2019

France, Republic of [République Française]locked

  • Erika Speel,
  • Christopher Masters,
  • Anne Prache,
  • Christopher Tadgell,
  • Richard Cleary,
  • Richard Becherer,
  • Marc Dilet,
  • Anne-Marie Lecoq,
  • Malcolm Bull,
  • Simon Lee,
  • Jon Whiteley,
  • Bernard Ceysson,
  • Colin Harrison,
  • Philip Ward-Jackson,
  • Penelope Curtis,
  • Monique Riccardi-Cubitt,
  • Pascal-François Bertrand,
  • Ian Wardropper,
  • Ludwig Tavernier,
  • Stella Beddoe,
  • Chantal Eschenfelder,
  • A. Pradère,
  • Jacqueline Viaux,
  • Hugo Morley-Fletcher,
  • Catherine Vaudour,
  • Clare Le Corbeiller,
  • Nigel J. Morgan,
  • Gordon Campbell,
  • Philippe Boucaud,
  • Jean-Dominique Augarde,
  • A. Kenneth Snowman,
  • Anna Maria Massinelli,
  • Isabelle Denis,
  • Hervé Oursel,
  • Diana Fowle,
  • Martine Mathias,
  • Monique King,
  • Clare Woodthorpe Browne,
  • Patricia Wardle,
  • Santina M. Levey,
  • Alden R. Gordon,
  • Linda Whiteley
  •  and Paul Duro


[République Française]

Country in western Europe. It is bordered by Belgium and Luxembourg to the north-east; Germany, Switzerland and Italy to the east; Spain, Andorra and the Mediterranean Sea to the south; and the Atlantic Ocean to the west (see figs 1 and 2). One of the oldest and largest European nations, it covers an area of 551,000 sq. km. The country consists of the 96 départements of Metropolitan France, including Corsica, in the Mediterranean Sea; four overseas départements—French Guiana in South America; Guadeloupe and Martinique in the Caribbean Sea; and Réunion in the Indian Ocean; four overseas territories—French Polynesia, New Caledonia, Wallis and Futuna and the French Southern and Antarctic territories; and the ‘territorial collectivities’ of Mayotte in the Indian Ocean and Saint Pierre and Miquelon off the east coast of Canada. France has a population of 57,526,000 (1993 estimate), of which over one sixth lives in the capital, ...

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S. Lami: Dictionnaire des sculpteurs de l’Ecole française, 8 vols (Paris, 1898–1921/R Nendeln, 1970)
A. K. Placzek, ed.: Macmillan Encyclopedia of Architects, 4 vols (New York, 1982)