(b Paris, Oct 1, 1912; d Paris, Sept 10, 1998).
French painter and printmaker. He worked first as an apprentice draughtsman and then as an unskilled metalworker. Having attended evening classes, though otherwise self-taught, he took part in the first Maison de la Culture show in Paris in 1936. He exhibited several works at the Salon des Surindépendants in 1937, such as the Spanish Martyr (1937; artist’s col., see 1981 exh. cat., p. 51), which showed his disgust with the Spanish Civil War (1936–9). The same year he exhibited at the important L’Art cruel show at the Galerie Billiet-Vorms in Paris. Organized by Jean Cassou, this was designed as a forum for politically-engaged art, especially that dealing with the Spanish conflict.
Fougeron was mobilized in 1938 and again in 1939, and he was taken prisoner before his demobilization in 1940. On his return to Paris he joined the Resistance, setting up a clandestine print works in 1941...