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date: 22 November 2019

Flers, Camillelocked

(b Paris, Feb 15, 1802; d Annet-sur-Marne, June 27, 1868).
  • Athena S. E. Leoussi

Extract

(b Paris, Feb 15, 1802; d Annet-sur-Marne, June 27, 1868).

French painter and pastellist. The son of a porcelain-maker, he first learnt painting in the studio of a porcelain decorator. After a period as a theatre decorator and a dancer, he became a pupil of the animal painter Joseph François Pâris (1784–1871). He devoted himself to landscape painting and became one of the precursors of plein-air painting. Referring to himself as a ‘romantique-naturaliste’, he was a member of the new Naturalist school of landscape painting that emerged in the 1830s in opposition to the official classicism of the Ecole des Beaux-Arts. He was one of the first to paint sur le motif (from life) in the forest of Fontainebleau, and he also made frequent visits to Barbizon, joining that group of artists known as ‘le groupe de Marlotte’. His works consist largely of views of Normandy and the Paris environs; he concentrated on thatched cottages, farmyards, prairies, ponds and riverbanks. He made his début at the Salon in ...

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E. Bellier de La Chavignerie and L. Auvray: Dictionnaire général des artistes de l’Ecole française depuis l’origine des arts du dessin jusqu’à nos jours, 2 vols (Paris, 1882–5), suppl. (Paris, 1887)
Dictionnaire de biographie française (Paris, 1933–)