Collective term, coined in the 1970s, for creative, experimental fibre objects. A wide range of techniques is used, often in combinations that encompass both traditional (e.g. felting, knotting) and modern (e.g. photographic transfer) practices. The eclectic range of materials includes many not previously associated with textiles, such as paper, wood, iridescent film, nylon mesh and wire.
The first experimental work was done during the 1920s and 1930s by such artists as Anni Albers (see Albers family, §2) and Stölzl, Gunta in Germany. Equally innovative work was produced in the 1940s and 1950s by Trude Guermonprez (1910–1976), Luba Krejci (1925–2005), Lenore Tawney (1907–2007), Loja Saarinen (1879–1968), Dorothy Liebes (1897–1972), Marianne Strengell (1909–1998) and others. These artists were concerned with natural and manmade materials, vibrant colours, formal pattern-making and texture derived from construction. By the 1960s a new direction in ...