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<p>&#160;Printed from Grove Art Online. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a single article for personal use&#160;(for details see Privacy Policy).</p><p>date: 17 July 2019</p>

Este family(i)locked

  • Helen Geddes,
  • Patrick M. de Winter,
  • Gordon Marshall Beamish,
  • Clifford M. Brown,
  • Charles Hope
  •  and Janet Southorn

Extract

Italian dynasty ofrulers, patrons and collectors (see fig.). Azzo I d’Este was Lord of Ferrara from 1209 to 1212, but the family’s power in the city became firmly established only in 1242, when Azzo II d’Este, 2nd Marchese of Ferrara (reg 1215–22; 1240–64), defeated the Ghibelline faction with Venetian help. Modena came under Este control in 1288 and (2) Niccolò III d’Este added Reggio and other cities to the family’s territories, (4) Borso d’Este becoming 1st Duke of Ferrara, Modena and Reggio. Ferrara was governed by the Este until 1598, when it was annexed by the papacy, while both Modena and Reggio remained under Este control until 1796, when the family was deposed by the French. The Este court at Ferrara was one of the most notable in North Italy, commissioning works from and attracting numerous important artists, musicians and writers. Especially outstanding among the Este as patrons and collectors were ...

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