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date: 23 October 2019

Dupré, Guillaumelocked

(b Sissonne, Aisne, c. 1574; d Paris, between 19 and Feb 24, 1642).
  • Geneviève Bresc-Bautier

Extract

(b Sissonne, Aisne, c. 1574; d Paris, between 19 and Feb 24, 1642).

French sculptor and medallist. He was trained in Paris by his co-religionist, the Protestant sculptor Barthélemy Prieur, whose daughter he married in 1600. In 1597 he executed a portrait medal of Henri IV with a profile portrait of the royal mistress Gabrielle d’Estrée on the reverse (see Mazerolle, no. 623), and it was perhaps this work that launched his official career. In 1603 he was named Sculpteur Ordinaire du Roi and was authorized to cast medals in gold and silver; in 1604 he was made joint Contrôleur Général des Poinçons et Effigies des Monnaies with his rival Jean Pilon (1578–1617). From 1608 he was in charge of the founding of cannon for the French artillery, and in 1611 Prieur obtained for him the reversion of his title as Premier Sculpteur du Roi.

Dupré’s reputation rests principally on his work as a medallist. He executed numerous portrait medals of Henri IV, representing him as Hercules (...

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S. Lami: Dictionnaire des sculpteurs de l’Ecole française, 8 vols (Paris, 1898–1921/R Nendeln, 1970)
L. Forrer: Biographical Dictionary of Medallists, 8 vols (London, 1902–30)