- Edward J. Nygren
(b Philadelphia, PA, July 19, 1793; d New York, NY, July 24, 1856).
American painter. Doughty belonged to the generation of American landscape painters that included Thomas Cole and Asher B. Durand and was an important precursor of the Hudson River school. Basically self-taught, he worked as a leather currier in Philadelphia, PA, before becoming an artist. In 1816 Doughty exhibited Landscape—Original (untraced) at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts. Four years later he listed himself in the Philadelphia directory as a landscape painter. Old Master landscapes (or copies) exhibited at the Pennsylvania Academy, together with contemporary European paintings and compositions by fellow Philadelphians Thomas Birch and Joshua Shaw, access to major private collections (such as those of his patron Robert Gilmor jr of Baltimore, MD, and Joseph Bonaparte of Bordentown, NJ), engravings, and artists’ manuals all contributed to his knowledge of the European landscape tradition. Among Doughty’s earliest surviving landscapes are View of Baltimore from Beech Hill, the Seat of Robert Gilmor jr...