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date: 23 September 2019


  • Kalyan Kumar Chakravarty


Village and temple site on the Rajpur–Shankargarh–Kusmi road on a plateau close to the confluence of the rivers Kanhar, Galphulla and Surya in Madhya Pradesh, India. It flourished between the 7th century ad and the 10th. The temple ruins fall into three groups. One group, in the Oraontola area of the village, consists of a ruined Shiva temple with remains of a sanctum (Skt garbhagṛha) and hall (maṇḍapa) and remnants of pillars and foundations of a few other temples. The largest of these temples yielded a damaged 17-line inscription (in two fragments; c. 9th century). A second group, known as Samatsarna, is near the rivers and consists of a large Shiva temple, a five-shrined (pañcāyatana) temple with Devi and Chamunda images, a double Shiva temple with three sanctums, a double row of small Shiva temples, a stepwell and the remains and foundations of other shrines. The third group of remains is scattered in the vast area between Samatsarna and Oraontola. It includes a five-shrined Vishnu temple near Samatsarna, four ruined Shiva temples close to an ancient tank with stone embankments known as Ranipokhra (Queen’s Tank) near Oraontola and two monastic residences. The temples are mostly in stone, while brick is used in the flooring of the monastic residences. They are generally built on a square or rectangular plan, but two temples are made on the stellate plan popular in South Kosala (...

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