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Crimca [Crimcovici], Anastasielocked

(b Suceava, ?mid-16th century; d Dragomirna Monastery, Moldavia, 1629).
  • Tereza-Irene Sinigalia

Romanian calligrapher, illuminator and writer. He was Metropolitan of Moldavia (1608–17; 1619–29) and the founder of Dragomirna Monastery (1609), where he initiated a scriptorium remarkable for the stylistic unity of the work produced over two decades. The great similarity of the works has caused them to be attributed to Crimca, although some scholars have disputed this. The accepted opinion is that nine codices can be attributed to him: five of these are at Dragomirna Monastery, three are in Bucharest, and the Acts of the Apostles (1610) is in Vienna (Österreich. Nbib.)

Crimca assimilated elements from the copyists’ tradition, from Moldavian mural painting of the time and from apocryphal and popular texts, and in so doing he widened the thematic repertory and adopted the formula of full-page narrative illustration interspersed with the text. He replaced plastic modelling with a graphic device based on groups of parallel lines arranged in various ways, with the extensive use of gold to enhance the whole page. The finesse of the drawing and general decorativeness of the images make Crimca’s work, and that of the Dragomirna school, outstanding in Romanian art. His best-known achievements are a Gospels (1609; Dragomirna Monastery, inv. 1/1934, din 7118), a liturgical book (1610, Dragomirna Monastery, inv. 5/1934, din 7118; 1616, Dragomirna Monastery, inv. 3/1934, din 7124) and the Acts of the Apostles (1609, Bucharest, Lib. Acad. Social. Repub. Romania, MS. Slav., inv. 22; 1610).


  • G. Popescu-Vilcea: Anastasie Crimca (Bucharest, 1972)
  • G. Popescu-Vilcea: Miniatura românească [Romanian miniatures] (Bucharest, 1982), pp. 37–46