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date: 12 November 2019


  • David M. Jones
  •  and Jaime Litvak King


Pre-Columbian site in Mexico, about 10 km south-west of the city of Puebla in north-central Puebla State. A huge Mesoamerican city and place of religious pilgrimage, it flourished throughout the Classic and Post-Classic periods ( 250–1521). Its period of continuous occupation was one of the longest among sites in central Mexico, although there may have been a short hiatus in the Early Post-Classic period ( 900–c. 1200). Pre-Columbian occupation in the vicinity began c. 600 bc and continued to the Spanish Conquest, after which Cholula became an important colonial city. The major period of monumental construction was between the 1st century ad and the 8th century. The city described and conquered by Cortés in 1519 was to the north-east of the Great Pyramid.

The Great Pyramid appears today as a large hill. It was surveyed in 1847 by the American Robert E. Lee and excavated by ...

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