- M. N. Sokolov
(b Medvenka [now in Kursk region], Jan 9, 1875; d Moscow, Jan 8, 1950).
Russian painter. He first worked as an icon painter and illustrator, and he then studied in the Academy of Arts, St Petersburg, in 1905–11 under Vladimir Makovsky. Cheptsov’s early works are close to the everyday genre traditions of the late Wanderers (Peredvizhniki) (e.g. Girlfriends, 1918; Kursk, Reg. Pict. Gal.); they combine Salon characteristics with a detailed and lively realism.
Cheptsov joined the Association of Artists of Revolutionary Russia (AKhRR) in 1922, and he embodied their programme, in continuing the traditions of the Wanderers and in portraying the new, socialist features of the domestic scene, with particular consistency. Cheptsov’s most accomplished work, the Meeting of the Rural Cell (1924; Moscow, Tret’yakov Gal.), is a genre painting remarkable for its total absence of elevated hero-creation and its faithful depiction of type and situation. The everyday scene of the party meeting taking place in the village club against a background of theatrical decorations combines enthusiasm with irony; it differs from the narrowly propagandist works that were the AKhRR’s standard output. A lyrical documentary aspect is inherent in the second of Cheptsov’s two best-known pictures, ...