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Chartier, Jeanlocked

(fl 1558–74).
  • Marianne Grivel

French painter, draughtsman, print publisher and possibly engraver. He was a painter working in Orléans and published about 20 prints, dated between 1558 and 1574, which he may have engraved himself. He may have gained his knowledge of the art of the School of Fontainebleau from Jacques Androuet du Cerceau (i), who was at one point established in Orléans. It is possible, however, that he worked at the château of Fontainebleau, since his engraving the Masquerade of Persepolis is an interpretation of a painting by Francesco Primaticcio in the chamber of the Duchesse d’Etampes there. Chartier also published and possibly engraved the same artist’s Ulysses Recognized by his Dog, the 34th picture in the Galerie d’Ulysse at Fontainebleau. Original prints by him, such as Blazons of Virtue and the Naked Man Walking on Hot Coals, are typical of the style of Fontainebleau and representative of provincial French Mannerism in their almost excessive and somewhat angular refinement.

Bibliography

  • A.-P.-F. Robert-Dumesnil: Le Peintre-graveur français (1835–71), v, pp. 50–55
  • G. Duplessis: Le Peintre-graveur français, 11 (Paris, 1871), pp. 30–33
  • A. Linzeler: Inventaire du fonds français: Graveurs du seizième siècle, Paris, Bib. N., Dépt. Est. cat., 1 (Paris, 1932), pp. 212–15
  • J. Adhémar: ‘Jean Chartier, un maniériste provincial en France au XVIe siècle’, Pro arte et libris, 70 (1948), pp. 35–6
[flourished]