Show Summary Details

Page of

 Printed from Grove Art Online. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a single article for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy).

date: 15 December 2019


  • W. Iain Mackay


Series of Pre-Columbian cultures that flourished in Chachapoyas Province, Department of Amazonas, northern highland Peru, tentatively dated between the 10th and the 15th centuries ad. The region lies partly in the Andean highlands and partly in the high rainforest of the Amazon Basin, at heights ranging between 3000 m and 1800 m above sea level. The large number of planned fortified cities and settlements located along the upper reaches of the Utcubamba River includes such sites as Kuelap, Yalap, Levanto, Revash and Vituya Viejo. Some of these may date from the Middle Horizon ( 600–c. 1000), and continued in use until the arrival of the Spaniards. In 1950 Henri Reichlen and Paule Reichlen postulated a chronology for the region, beginning with the occupation of Kuelap and ending with Revash.

In his Comentarios reales the chronicler Garcilaso de la Vega refers to the conquest of the Chachas...

You do not currently have access to this article


Please login to access the full content.


Please subscribe to access the full content.