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date: 16 October 2019

Çatal Hüyüklocked

  • Donald F. Easton

Extract

Neolithic site (7th–6th millennia bc) in the delta of the River Çarşamba, on the Konya plain in central Turkey. It was excavated by James Mellaart from 1961 to 1965. The mound has at least 20 m of deposit (virgin soil was not reached) and occupies 13 ha, of which 0.4 ha was excavated, revealing a sequence of 15 building phases. Dairy farming and simple irrigation agriculture, supplemented by hunting and gathering and aided by a good location, provided a strong economic base for a town with, at its height, an estimated 5000 to 7000 inhabitants. It was the largest known Neolithic settlement of the Near East and artistically the richest. Its shrines were decorated with reliefs and wall paintings and contained artefacts, such as figurines of stone and clay, that offer a unique insight into the beliefs of such an early period and into the origins of many motifs found in later ...

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