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date: 18 January 2020

Castle [Cassel; Cassels], Richardlocked

(b Hesse Kassel, ?1690; d Maynooth, Co. Kildare, Feb 19, 1751).
  • David Griffin


(b Hesse Kassel, ?1690; d Maynooth, Co. Kildare, Feb 19, 1751).

Irish architect of German birth. Around 1715 he was an officer in a regiment of engineers. His Essay on Artificial Navigation mentions that he sailed from Hamburg to Amsterdam, and he evidently travelled in the Netherlands and France. He was in England by 1725, when he was a subscriber to the third volume of Vitruvius Britannicus. In 1728 he arrived in Ireland, where Edward Lovett Pearce employed him as a draughtsman on the new Parliament House in Dublin. He carried out engineering work on the Newry canal, Co. Down (1730–36), and advised in 1735 on the water supply for Dublin for which he prepared An Essay toward Supplying the City of Dublin with Water. Pearce’s recommendation assured Castle a successful career, and following Pearce’s death in 1733 Castle became the most fashionable and prolific architect in Ireland. With the exception of a number of public commissions, most notably at Trinity College, Dublin (...

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