- Remus Niculescu
[Carol of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen, Prince of Romania]
(b Sigmaringen, April 20, 1839; reg1866–1914; d Peleş Castle, Sept 27, 1914).
Romanian ruler, collector and patron. He was the son of Karl Anton, Prince of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen (1811–85), who formed a large collection of German art (Sigmaringen, Fürst. Hohenzoll. Samml. & Hofbib.). Carol, who was elected Prince of Romania in 1866 and crowned king in 1881, benefited from a refined intellectual education enriched by visits to France, Italy, Spain and Portugal. During his brief period as a student at Bonn University in 1862, he was introduced to the history of art by Anton Springer, with whom he maintained contact, inviting him to Romania in 1871. From Carol Pop de Szathmari, his court painter and photographer, Carol commissioned photographic (1867) and chromolithographic (1868, 1883) albums with Romanian views and subjects (Bucharest, N. Mus. A. and Roman. Acad. Lib.).
Under the King’s patronage, the architect André Lecomte du Noüy (1844–1914) restored several religious buildings in Romania, among them the episcopal church of ...