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date: 11 November 2019

Canada, Dominion oflocked

  • Leslie Maitland,
  • Jacqueline Hucker,
  • Ann Davis,
  • François-Marc Gagnon,
  • Diana Nemiroff,
  • Martha Langford,
  • Christine Boyanoski,
  • Olga M. Williams,
  • John A. Fleming,
  • Elizabeth Collard,
  • Gloria Hickey,
  • Ross Fox,
  • Jocelyne Mathieu,
  • Sandra Paikowsky,
  • J. Lynne Teather,
  • Jim Burant
  •  and Mary F. Williamson

Extract

Country in North America, bounded to the north by the Arctic Ocean, to the west by the Pacific and to the east by the Atlantic; the only land borders it shares are with the USA, on the south and between the Yukon and Alaska in the north-west (see fig.). Canada is comprised of ten provinces and two territories, and although it occupies almost 10,000,000 sq. km, the vast majority of the population (c. 25,000,000) live within 160 km of the Canada–US border. Canada is a parliamentary democracy and a member of the Commonwealth. The Prime Minister is political head of state, while the reigning member of the British royal family serves as titular head of state, represented by the Governor-General.

This article is a survey of Canadian art since the beginning of European colonization in the early 17th century. For its earlier history and information on the continuing traditions of its native peoples ...

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