[Ger.: ‘Blue Rider’]
German group of artists active in Munich from 1911 to 1914. The principal members were Vasily Kandinsky, Franz Marc, Gabriele Münter (see Still-life with Vases, No. 2, 1914; Emden, Henri Nannen Collection), Alfred Kubin, Paul Klee, and August Macke. The group’s aim was to express the inner desires of the different artists in a variety of forms, rather than to strive for a unified style or theme. It was the successor to the Neue Künstlervereinigung München (NKVM), founded in Munich in 1909.
The conservatism of certain members of the NKVM led to the resignation of Kandinsky, Münter, Marc, and Kubin in 1911. At the instigation of Kandinsky and Marc, the four organized the first exhibition of the editorial board of ...