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date: 15 December 2019

Bhojpur [Bhojapura]locked

  • Kirit Mankodi



Site in Madhya Pradesh, India, some 30 km south-east of Bhopal. The town flourished in the 11th century under the Paramara dynasty. A natural depression, skirted by low hills, served as the basin for the reservoir created by King Bhoja (reg 1000–55), the founder of Bhojpur. The gaps between the hills were diked, various streams and rivers diverted, and the River Betwa dammed at Bhojpur. The ruins of three massive dams show that each was 20–30 m high, about 100 m thick at the base, filled with earth and faced on the inner and outer sides with stone slabs. The reservoir was destroyed by Sultan Hoshang Shah in the 15th century. On the banks of the reservoir, Bhoja began a large Shiva temple (the linga in the sanctum is nearly 8 m high), but the building was left unfinished. A long, sloping ramp, sculptors’ abandoned workshops, draughtsmen’s drawings on stone and some ...

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